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nation s past and cultural tradition, centralized decision making, ceding part of the cul 
tural industries (book publishing and most of the discography industry) to free market
forces, and hasty privatization, including distrust towards new, alternative, and general 
ly pluralistically inclined forms of cultural opinion and activity. From the beginning of
2001, however, the priorities highlighted in the cultural policy include pluralism (of cul 
tural  orientations),  decentralization,  components  of  culture  that  are  conducive  to  eco 
nomic development as well as decentralization and abolishment of state control (cultur 
al councils/experts). 
In spite of this, numerous issues still remain unresolved. Of these, the crucial one per 
tains to the further pace and form of privatization and commercialization in culture. To
what extent and which proportions of cultural institutions and activities should be relin 
quished to the market or extra budgetary sources? Which should be permanently pro 
tected from such influences and on what grounds, namely, perceptions of culture and cri 
teria of financing?
The following overview of proposed strategic orientations in specific areas of cultural
policy and cultural activity maps out the potential instruments for achieving culturally
sustainable development.
Legislation in culture
Legislation in culture should enhance the influence of professionals in decision making,
give priority to quality, secure decision making transparency, diminish the influence of
state  management,  make  strategic  planning  more  reliable,  and  initiate  new  financing
mechanisms. To that end, it is necessary to do the following:
  revise and rationalize the legal system and simplify regulations;
  stimulate through regulations the functional and professional, rather than hierarchical,
distribution of authority;
  follow, on a continual basis, the effects of the work of cultural councils;
  enable the strengthening of cultural infrastructure in such a way that it becomes an obli 
gatory part of programs of development of the overall economy, and not only of the cul 
ture sector; and
  systematically stimulate cultural life and creativity: primarily through tax, customs and
other benefits.


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